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    The MIT Press
16 documents trouvés
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Talking with Patients : Volume 1 : The Theory of Doctor-Patient Communication
Ouvrage

Talking with Patients : Volume 2 : Clinical Technique
Ouvrage

Rationalizing medical work : Decision-support techniques and medical practices
Ouvrage

Divided minds and successive selves : Ethical issues in disorders of identity and personality
Ouvrage

Is human nature obsolete ? Genetics, bioengineering, and the future of the human condition
Ouvrage
    BAILLIE Harold ; CASEY Timothy
    MIT Press , 2005, 422 p.
    Cote : 0.8/BAI/2005

    BAILLIE Harold/ CASEY Timothy/ Introduction
    I. Historical perspectives
    CASEY Timothy/ Nature, technology, and the emergence of cybernetic humanity
    SAGOFF Mark/ Nature and human nature
    RABINOW Paul/ Life sciences : discontents and consolations
    PAUL Diane/ Genetic engineering and eugenics : the uses of history
    II. Embodiment and self-identity
    BETHKE ELSHTAIN Jean/ The body and the quest for control
    ZANER Richard/ Visions and re-visions : life and the accident of birth
    BAILLIE Harold/ Aristotle and genetic engineering : the uncertainty of excellence
    III. Freedom and telos
    PROCTOR Robert/ Human recency and race : molecular anthropology, the refigured Acheulean, and the Unesco response to Auschwitz
    SHANNON Thomas/ Human nature in a post-Human Genome Project world
    ROLLIN Bernard/ Telos, value, and genetic engineering
    IV. Social and political critiques
    SOWLE CAHILL Lisa/ Nature, sin, and society
    WALTERS LeRoy/ Human genetic intervention : past, present, and future
    WINNER Langdon/ Resistance is futile : the posthuman condition and its advocates

Pragmatic bioethics (2nd edition)
Ouvrage
    MCGEE Glenn
    MIT Press , 2003, 293 p.
    Cote : 2.1/MCG/2003

    Modern scientific and medical advances bring new complexity and urgency to ethical issues in health care and biomedical research. This book applies the American philosophical theory of pragmatism to such bioethics. Critics of pragmatism argue that it lacks a universal moral foundation. Yet it is this very lack of a metaphysical dividing line between facts and values that makes pragmatism such a rigorous and appropriate method for solving problems in bioethics. For pragmatism, ethics is a way of satisfying the complex demands of multiple individuals and groups in an unpredictable world. Pragmatism also demands careful attention to the ways in which scientific advances change our values and ethics.
    The essays in this book present different approaches to pragmatism and different ways of applying pragmatism to scientific and medical matters.

    I. The pragmatic method in bioethics
    MORENO Jonathan/ Bioethics is a naturalism
    MCGEE Glenn/ Pragmatic method and bioethics
    FINS Joseph et al./ Clinical pragmatism : a method of moral problem solving
    HESTER Micah/ Habits of healing
    ARRAS John/ Freestanding pragmatism in law and bioethics
    II. Current debates and American philosophers
    TROTTER Griffin/ The medical covenant : a Roycean perspective
    GAVIN William/ On "tame" and "untamed" death : Jamesian reflections
    MAHOWALD Mary/ On helping people to die : a pragmatic account
    HESTER Micah/ Significance at the end of life
    WILSHIRE Bruce/ William James, Black Elk, and the healing act
    III. Pragmatism and specific issues in bioethics
    SINGER Beth/ Mental illness : rights, competence, and communication
    SAATKAMP Herman/ Genetics and pragmatism
    ROOT WOLPE Paul et al./ "Expert bioethics" as professional discourse : the case of stem cells
    BENJAMIN Martin/ Pragmatism and the determination of death
    LACHS John/ Dying old as a social problem
    KEGLEY Jacquelyn Ann/ Community, autonomy, and managed care

Ethics and the metaphysics of medicine : reflections on health and beneficence
Ouvrage
    RICHMAN Kenneth
    MIT Press , 2004, 222 p.
    Cote : 3.1/RIC/2004

    Definitions of health and disease are of more than theoretical interest. Understanding what it means to be healthy has implications for choices in medical treatment, for ethically sound informed consent, and for accurate assessment of policies or programs. This deeper understanding can help us create more effective public policy for health and medicine. It is notable that such contentious legal initiatives as the American with Disability Act and the Patients' Bill of Rights fail to define adequately the medical terms on which their effectiveness depends. The author develops an "embedded instrumentalist" theory of health and applies it to practical problems in health care and medicine, addressing topics that range from the philosophy of science to knee surgery.
    "Embedded instrumentalist" theories hold that health is a match between one's goals and one's ability to reach those goals, and that the relevant goals may vary from individual to individual. This captures the normative implications of the term "health" while avoiding problematic relativism. Richman's embedded instrumentalism differs from other theories of health in drawing a distinction between the health of individuals as biological organisms and the health of individuals as moral agents. This distinction illuminates many difficulties in patient-provider communication and helps us understand conflicts between promoting health and promoting ethically permissible behavior. After exploring, expanding, and defending this theory in the first part of the book, Richman examines its ethical implications, discussing such concerns as the connection between medical beneficence and respect for autonomy, patient-provider communication, living wills, and clinical education.

Against bioethics
Ouvrage
    BARON Jonathan
    MIT Press , 2006, 236 p.
    Cote : 2.1/BAR/2006

    Governments, health professionals, patients, research institutions, and research subjects look to bioethicists for guidance in making important decisions about medical treatment and research. And yet, argues the author, applied bioethics lacks the authority of a coherent guiding theory and is based largely on intuitive judgments. Baron proposes an alternative, arguing that bioethics could have a coherent theory based on utilitarianism and decision analysis. Utilitarianism holds that the best option is the one that does the most expected good. Decision analysis provides a way of thinking about the risks and trade-offs of specific options. Like economics, utilitarian decision analysis makes predictions of expected good in complex situations, using data when possible, and focusing human judgment on the issues relevant to consequences. With such a guiding theory, bioethics would never yield decisions that clearly go against the expected good of those involved, as some do now.
    Baron discusses issues in bioethics that can be illuminated by such analysis, including "enhancements" to nature in the form of genetics, drugs, and mind control; reproduction; death and end-of-life issues, including advance directives, euthanasia, and organ donation; coercion and consent; conflict of interest and the reform of internal review boards; and drug research. Although Baron opposes many current practices in bioethics, he argues that by combining utilitarianism and decision analysis, bioethics can achieve its aims of providing authoritative guidance in resolving thorny medical and ethical issues.

End-of-life decision making : A cross-national study
Ouvrage
    BLANK Robert H. ; MERRICK Janna
    MIT Press , 2005, 266 p.
    Cote : 22.1/BLA/2005

    Each author reports on various factors in end-of-life decisions : estimated costs of dying, including health care costs; the proportion of deaths occurring in hospitals, in hospices and at home; the prevalence and variety of advance directives; the mix of high technology and palliative care; the cut-off point for aggressive care and the legal definition of death; government policies on end-of-life decisions, assisted suicide and euthanasia; and cultural, social and religious influences. The findings show that there are great differences among countries even in the way these issues are framed.

    BLANK Robert/ Introduction : Issues at the end of life
    PESSINI Leo/ Ethical questions related to end-of-life decisions : the Brazilian reality
    YITING Li et al./ End-of-life care in China : a view from Beijing
    SIMON Alfred/ End-of-life decision making in Germany
    PANDYA Sunil/ End-of-life decision making in India
    AMIDROR Tali et al./ End-of-life decision making in Israel
    MACER Darryl/ End-of-life care in Japan
    WASUNNA Angela/ End-of-life decision making in Kenya
    TEN HAVE Henk/ End-of-life decision making in the Netherlands
    CHIU Tai-Yuan/ End-of-life decision making in Taiwan
    AKSOY Sahin/ End-of-life decision making in Turkey
    ASHCROFT Richard/ Death policy in the United Kingdom
    MERRICK Janna/ Death and dying : the American experience
    BLANK Robert/ Summary : hte state of end-of-life policy

Patient autonomy and the ethics of responsibility
Ouvrage
    TAUBER Alfred
    MIT Press , 2005, 328 p.
    Cote : 6.8/TAU/2005

    Prologue
    1. Medicine as moral epistemology
    2. Shifting foundations of the doctor-patient relationship
    3. Defining autonomy
    4. Balancing rights and responsibilities
    5. In search of a moral glue
    6. Reforms and reconciliations
    Epilogue : On praxis and an ethics of the ordinary

Making parents : The ontological choreography of reproductive technologies
Ouvrage
    THOMPSON Charis
    MIT Press , 2005, 360 p.
    Cote : 14.1.4/THO/2005

    I. Disciplinary stakes
    1. Science and society : some varieties of science and technology studies
    2. Fertile ground : feminists theorize reproductive technologies
    II. Ontological choreography
    3. Techniques of normalization : (re)producing the ART Clinic
    4. Is man to father as woman is to mother ? Masculinity, gender performativity, and social (dis)order
    5. Strategic naturalizing : kinship, race, and ethnicity
    6. Agency through objectification : subjectivity and technology
    III. Economies
    7. Sex, drugs, and money : the public, privacy, and the monopoly of desperation
    8. The sacred and profane human embryo : a biomedical mode of (re)production ?

Making medical decisions for the profoundly mentally disabled
Ouvrage
    CANTOR Norman L.
    MIT Press , 2009, 307 p.
    Cote : 6.9/CAN/2009

    1. The moral status of the profoundly disabled : persons or something less ?
    2. The profoundly disabled as right holders : no rights, the same rights as the fully capacitated, or some rights ?
    3. Who decides for the profoundly disabled ?
    4. Defining the best interests of profoundly disabled persons
    5. Forced altruism
    6. The voice of the profoundly disabled person

Progress in bioethics : Science, policy, and politics
Ouvrage
    MORENO Jonathan ; BERGER Sam
    MIT Press , 2010, 284 p.
    Cote : 2.1/MOR/2010

    I. Bioethics as politics
    BERGER Sam et al./ 1. Bioethics progressing
    LEMPERT Richard/ 2. Can there be a progressive bioethics ?
    II. Bioethics as progressive
    CHARO R. Alta/ 3. Politics, progressivism, and bioethics
    HINSCH Kathryn/ 4. Bioethics : the new conservative crusade
    ZOLOTH Laurie/ 5. Justice that you must pursue : a progressive American bioethics
    III. The sociology of political bioethics
    ROOT WOLPE Paul/ 6. Professionalism and politics : biomedicalization and the rise of bioethics
    EVANS John/ 7. The tension between progressive bioethics and religion
    MESLIN Eric/ 8. Can national bioethics commissions be progressive ?
    IV. Conflicting views of biotechnology
    HUGHES James/ 9. Technoprogressive biopolitics and human enhancement
    DARNOVSKY Marcy/ 10. Biopolitics, mythic science, and progressive values
    V. Progress beyond politics ?
    CAPLAN Arthur/ Can bioethics transcend ideology ? (and should it ?)
    RUGNETTA Michael/ 12. A Catholic progressive on care and conscience
    CALLAHAN Daniel/ 13. Reforming health care : ends and means
    MAY William/ 14. Finding common ground in bioethics ?

Healing psychiatry : bridging the science/humanism divide
Ouvrage
    BRENDEL David H.
    MIT Press , 2006, 178 p.
    Cote : 17.2.1/BRE/2006

    1. Science and humanism in psychiatry
    2. A pragmatic approach to psychiatry
    3. Pragmatism in action : clinical cases
    4. Pragmatism and the mind/body problem
    5. Sigmund Freud : scientist and pragmatist
    6. Pragmatism in neurology and psychiatry
    7. Pragmatism in psychiatric diagnosis
    8. Pragmatism and the future of psychiatry

Pragmatic neuroethics : Improving treatment and understanding of the mind-brain
Ouvrage

Origins of human communication
Ouvrage

       

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